While the School Act is the main statute that provides direction for Alberta’s ECS-12 education system, other legislation also impacts the system. The requirements set out in these acts and regulations must also be followed.
The Government of Canada Constitution Act, 1867 (previously known as the British North America Act) establishes exclusive provincial/territorial mandates with respect to education matters.
The Government of Canada Constitution Act, 1982 (also known as the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms) ensures the rights of all peoples in Canada to freedom, democracy, mobility, security and well-being.
The Government of Canada Human Rights Act declares that individuals cannot be discriminated against on the basis of race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, age, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, family status, or disability.
The Government of Canada Indian Act defines the rights and responsibilities of First Nations people and communities, and the role of the federal government in First Nations matters. This includes federal responsibility for the education of First Nations children and youth living on reserve. The Indian Act also enables First Nations to enter into agreements with provincial school boards so that their students may attend schools that are located off reserve.
The Government of Canada Copyright Act establishes the rights of ownership, reproduction and use of original works (e.g., textbooks and other educational resources, literature, music, academic writing) and the penalties for unauthorized use of such works.
N.B. All Alberta school authorities are expected to comply with international and federal copyright legislation and related agreements.