The key components to mentoring are:
In-school mentoring can take many different forms. It may be a formal program, such as those organized by the Big Brothers Big Sisters societies and other mentoring organizations. In some programs, adults from the community mentor students. In other programs, older students mentor younger students with the supervision and guidance of school staff. In formalized programs, mentors are recruited, screened, trained and supported by a community agency.
Mentoring can also be informal when it is part of other school culture-building activities such as:
For some activities, it may be appropriate to use peer mentors, where the mentor and mentee are the same-age. For example, a peer mentor might welcome a new student to the school and check in with them regularly during the first six weeks. Even in these less formal situations, individuals taking on mentor roles will benefit from basic training, reflection and safety guidelines. Training materials are available through the Alberta Mentoring Partnership.
Teens are the fastest growing segment of mentors. Teen Mentoring often focuses on literacy or career planning with younger students. It can be part of a course requirement (e.g., Work Experience or Career and Technologies Studies) or as an extra- or co-curricular activity.