Neglect is any lack of care that causes serious harm to a child's development or endangers the child in any way. Failure to meet the child's day‐to‐day basic physical needs includes not providing adequate nutrition, clothing, shelter, health care, appropriate supervision and protection from harm. Emotional neglect is not meeting the child's ongoing emotional needs for affection and a sense of belonging.
Emotional abuse is verbal attacks on a child's sense of self, repeated humiliation or rejection, exposure to violence, drugs, alcohol abuse, severe conflict, forced isolation, restraint or causing a child to be afraid much of the time. Emotional abuse is usually part of a pattern of how the child is being treated.
Physical abuse is the intentional use of force on any part of a child's body that results in injuries. It may be a single incident or a series or pattern of incidents.
Sexual abuse is the improper exposure of a child to sexual contact, activity or behaviour. It includes any sexual touching, intercourse, exploitation or exposure and can be perpetrated by anyone, including a parent or guardian, caregiver, extended family, friend, neighbour or stranger.