Métis Week marks the annual celebration of Métis people, their culture and their contributions.
Louis Riel devoted and sacrificed his life defending the rights of Métis people. On November 16, 1885, he was executed. Each year, during the week encompassing November 16, we pay tribute to Louis Riel and the Métis contributions in the creation of Canada.
The Métis Nation of Alberta (MNA) has organized several events to commemorate Métis week. A list of these events can be found on their website.
The Métis are the descendants of French Canadian or Scottish fur traders and First Nations mothers, which has evolved into its own unique and distinct culture. The infinity symbol is used to represent the coming together of two cultures. While Michif is the language of the Métis, many Métis people also speak Cree, Saulteaux, Dene and French. The Métis are also known as the “flower beadwork people” because the flower pattern often decorates their clothing and footwear.
The Métis have a significant role in Alberta’s history. Many early francophone communities were established due to the fur trade through a strong relationship between Métis and Francophone people. Alberta is also the only province in Canada to establish Metis Settlements, providing Métis people with a land base.
Learning about our national history, including the role of Aboriginal people in Canada’s development, is an important and valued part of Alberta’s curriculum.
The resources listed below can assist teachers, students and families in learning more about the important contributions that First Nations, Métis and Inuit have made and continue to make in shaping our country and our world.